American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

The Protagonist of an ARM Current Detector and a Modular Multilayer Converter in Fault Compensation

Background: Over the past few years, there has been a noticeable increase in demand for high-performance power converters that include fault correction as well as precise tracking. Purpose: The goal of this study is to look at the impact of a modular multilayer converter (MMC) on fault correction utilizing data from an arm current sensor as a source of information. The Multi-Material Converter (MMC) provides its customers with a number of benefits, such as the ability to handle high voltage or power, enhanced management, and decreased harmonic distortion. The purpose of this research is to get a better knowledge of the function that MMCs play in improving the accuracy of arm current sensor readings by performing an inquiry into the practicability of employing MMCs for fault compensation while giving data on the influence that these components have. Methodology: The research has mainly driven its data from secondary sources with practical experiments for its validation. Conclusion: The testing results show that the MMC is successful in reducing the number of mistakes and enhancing the overall performance of power converters.

Modular Multilayer Converter, Fault Compensation, Arm Current Detectors, Power Converters, Performance

APA Style

Neeraj Kumar. (2023). The Protagonist of an ARM Current Detector and a Modular Multilayer Converter in Fault Compensation. American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, 12(5), 77-82.

ACS Style

Neeraj Kumar. The Protagonist of an ARM Current Detector and a Modular Multilayer Converter in Fault Compensation. Am. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst. 2023, 12(5), 77-82. doi: 10.11648/j.epes.20231205.11

AMA Style

Neeraj Kumar. The Protagonist of an ARM Current Detector and a Modular Multilayer Converter in Fault Compensation. Am J Electr Power Energy Syst. 2023;12(5):77-82. doi: 10.11648/j.epes.20231205.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. N. B. Belayneh, C.-H. Park, and J.-M. Kim, “Compensation of arm current sensor errors in the modular multilevel converter,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 5005–5012, 2019. doi: 10.1109/tia.2019.2926949.
2. Z. Wang, X. Yin, and Y. Chen, “Model predictive arm current control for Modular Multilevel converter,” IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 54700–54709, 2021. doi: 10.1109/access.2021.3069079.
3. Saleki A, Pordanjani BJ, Bina MT. “DC Fault Analysis in MMC Based HVDC Systems along with Proposing a Modified MMC Protective Topology for Grid Stability,” pp. 55–59, 2021. DOI: 10.1109/epdc53015.2021.9610803. [CrossRef]
4. Negesse, Belete & Park, Chang & Kim, Jang-Mok. (2019). Compensation of Arm Current Sensor Errors in Modular Multilevel Converter. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications. PP. 1-1. 10.1109/TIA.2019.2926949.
5. “Passive cross-connected modular multilevel converters,” Modular Multilevel Converters: Analysis, Control, and Applications, pp. 131–163, 2018. doi: 10.1002/9781119367291.ch5.
6. Wang H, Wen H, Yang R. “Open-Circuit Fault Diagnosis and Tolerant Control for Modular Multilevel Converters,” Proc. - 2020 Chinese Autom. Congr. CAC 2020, pp. 4277–4282, 2020. DOI: 10.1109/CAC51589.2020.9326905. [CrossRef]
7. A. Hillers and J. Biela, “Increased efficiency and reduced realization effort of DSBC and DSCC modular multilevel converters (mmcs),” 2018 International Power Electronics Conference (IPEC-Niigata 2018 -ECCE Asia), 2018. doi: 10.23919/ipec.2018.8507928.
8. Song B, Qi G, Xu L. A new approach to open-circuit fault diagnosis of MMC sub-module. Syst Sci Control Eng 2020; 8: 119–127. [Google Scholar]
9. Li P, Ma J, Zhou Xet al. et al. A protection scheme for DC-side fault based on a new MMC sub-module topology. Int J Electr Power Energy Syst 2020; 114: 105406. [Google Scholar]
10. G. A. Reddy and A. Shukla, “ARM current sensor-less control of MMC for circulating current suppression,” 2019 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), 2019. doi: 10.1109/ecce.2019.8913028.
11. M. Samuel, Performance and robustness analysis of Model Predictive Controller (MPC) and Proportional Integral Derivative Control (PID) of an autonomous vehicle for lane keeping maneuvers, 2019. doi: 10.20944/preprints201912.0404.v1.
12. Ahmad F, Adnan M, Amin AA, Khan MG. A comprehensive review of fault diagnosis and fault-tolerant control techniques for modular multi-level converters. Sci Prog. 2022 Jul-Sep; 105(3): 368504221118965. doi: 10.1177/00368504221118965. PMID: 35975593; PMCID: PMC10450489.
13. “The auxiliary full-bridge converter based hybrid MMC with low voltage operation and DC fault ride-through capabilities,” CSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems, 2020. doi: 10.17775/cseejpes.2019.02470.
14. D. Dung Le and D.-C. Lee, “Reduction of half-arm current stresses and flying-capacitor voltage ripples of flying-capacitor mmcs,” IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 180076–180086, 2020. doi: 10.1109/access.2020.3027844.
15. B. Belayneh Negesse, C.-H. Park, and J.-M. Kim, “Compensation method of arm current sensor scaling error in MMC system,” 2017 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), 2017. doi: 10.1109/ecce.2017.8096724.