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Enhancement of Ready-Made Silicon Photovoltaic Panels’ Field Performance - a Review

Photovoltaic (PV) panels have attracted a lot of research interest in the past decade due to their clean and renewable character as an energy source. However, their intrinsic low conversion efficiency has been a major drawback, imposing the need for a huge initial cost of investment. Additionally, due to the low efficiency, PV system installations also require large surface area for panel installation. External factors such as temperature and soiling and shading further reduce the performance of the PV panels operation under real world conditions. Furthermore, the processes used in the fabrication of PV panels do not allow the improvement of panel efficiency once the fabrication is completed. Thus special techniques are required for the modulation of performance on the field. Thermal management schemes and cleaning techniques have been developed to alleviate this existential challenge. Additionally, PV panels operation in the field has been boosted via the improvement of the solar collection methods such as solar trackers, solar concentrators and panel tilt angle. This paper presents a critical comprehensive review of the different PV panel technologies and their field operation challenges as well as the strategies used to enhance the performance of silicon photovoltaic modules (the most attractive single junction PV panels in the market) under field conditions.

Photovoltaic Panel, PV panel Field Performance, Mono-Crystalline Silicon, Poly-Crystalline Silicon, Amorphous Silicon, Black Silicon Solar Cells, Hybrid A-Si/C-Si Solar Cells

Divine Khan Ngwashi, Pierre Tsafack. (2023). Enhancement of Ready-Made Silicon Photovoltaic Panels’ Field Performance - a Review. American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, 12(4), 59-67.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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